Union Public Service Commission (UPSC)
The Union Public Service Commission (UPSC) is India’s central agency authorized to conduct the Civil Services Examination and many other central services. The Federal Public Service Commission became the Union Public Service Commission after Independence and it was given a Constitutional status with promulgation of Constitution of India on 26 January 1950.
The Commission consists of a Chairman and ten Members. The terms and conditions of service of Chairman and Members of the Commission are governed by the Union Public Service Commission (Members) Regulations, 1969. The Chairman and other members of the UPSC are appointed by the President of India. At least half of the members of the Commission are Civil Servants with minimum ten years of experience either in Central or State service. Every member holds office for a term of six years or until he attains the age of sixty-five years, whichever is earlier. UPSC is amongst the few institutions which function with both autonomy and freedom.
Civil Services Examination (CSE)
The Civil Services Examination (CSE) is a nationwide competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to various Civil Services of the Government of India, including Indian Administrative Service (IAS), Indian Foreign Service (IFS), Indian Police Service (IPS), and Indian Revenue Service (IRS) among others. It is conducted in two phases – the Preliminary examination, consisting of two objective-type papers (General Studies and Aptitude Test), and the Main examination, consisting of nine papers of conventional (essay) type followed by the Personality Test (Interview).The entire process from the notification of the Preliminary examination to declaration of the final results takes roughly one year.